Mohammad Akbar Khan Barakzai’s letter to the ruler of Bhawalpur

The letter that follows was written by Mohammad Akbar Khan to the Nawab of Bahawalpur. Bahawalpur was formerly part of the Durrani empire. The letter indicates an Afghan plan to retaliate against the British invasion of their land: Translation of a letter from Mohamad Akbar Khan to Nawab Bhawul Khan of Bhawalpur 8th March 1843  … Read more

Return of a King – A critique of Dalrymple’s book

By Farrukh Husain Dalrymple commissions translations of Persian sources: Eight Persian sources have been translated and utilized by Dalrymple to varying degrees. Chief amongst these translated sources are the memoirs or Waqayat of Shah Shuja Ul Mulk. The Shuja memoirs were quoted by Kaye in his 1851 History of the war in Afghanistan. The Shuja … Read more

Jan Fishan Khan (ancestor of Nasiruddin Shah, the Bollywood actor)

Sayyid Muhammad Shah, the ancestor of Nasiruddin Shah (actor), was from Afghanistan. He collaborated with British invaders during First Anglo-Afghan War (1839-42). He accompanied the defeated British army to India.  Mrs.Colin Mackenzie (whose husband fought in the First Anglo-Afghan War), describes Sayyid Muhammad Shah (titled Jan Fishan Khan) as the staunch friend of the British … Read more

Afghan–Sikh Wars (1813-1837)

At the commencement of 19th century, the tremendous downfall of the Durrani empire was already going on and it had fallen into never ending series of civil wars. The wily Ranjeet Singh, who owed his rise to Zaman Shah Durrani, fully took advantage of the Durrani civil wars and he slowly and gradually encroached upon … Read more