Who were Tipu Sultan ancestors?

Who were Tipu Sultan ancestors?. According to Haider-nama (completed in 1784 and commissioned by Tipu Sultan himself), Haider Ali’s ancestors were “Navayats”. The term Navayat (نویات) referred to the descendants of Arab settlers in the coastal regions of South India. Thus Haider-nama alludes to the Arab origin of the family. The author of Haider-nama, a … Read more

Faqir Kala Khan Marri Baloch

In October 1896 a Marri Baloch by name of Haji Kala Khan declared Jihad against British. He was popularly known as ‘Mast Faqir’. On October 14, 1896, Kala Khan and five of his followers attacked Nari Bhag Railway station in Bolan and hacked to pieces all the fifteen men working there with their swords. One … Read more

Did Ranjit Singh rule present-day Afghanistan and Khyber Pass?

There is a common but incorrect notion among Indians and Pakistani-Punjabis that Maharaja Ranjit Singh ruled Khyber Pass (extending from Jamrud to Torkham) as well as Jalalabad city (in Nangarhar province of Afghanistan) and the Kabul city. Ranjit Singh and his successors neither ruled Khyber Pass nor the cities of Jalalabad and Kabul. 

Ajab Khan Afridi – excerpt from “And Then the Pathan Murders”

Ajab Khan – Amazing outlaw (Excerpt from “And then the Pathan murders” by Muhammad Ali) “Ajab Khan and his brother—Shahzada—sons of Sher Dil of Bosti Khel (sub-section of Afridi tribe) lived alongwith their mother in Jawaki a village in Tribal Area a few miles west of the Kohat-Peshawar Road. His father had died a few … Read more

Mollie Ellis, Ajab Khan Afridi and her Pashtun rescuers

Pashtun rescuers of Mollie Ellis Mollie Ellis (the young girl sitting in front) along with Pashtun men who played key role in negotiating her release from Ajab Khan Afridi (who had kidnapped her from Kohat). British government sought the services of following men (and a woman) for her recovery:  1- Kuli Khan Khattak (a Khan … Read more

Origin of the Langah sultans of Multan; Pashtun or Sindhi?

From 1438 to 1526, Multan (much of Saraiki belt) functioned as completely independent kingdom. It was ruled by Langah tribe. The two nearest contemporary sources which throws some light on the origin of the Langah sultans of Multan, are Tarikh-i-Farishta written by Muhammad Qasim Hindu Shah in 1612 AD, and Tarikh-i-Haqqi written by Abdul Haq … Read more

Jamrud fort of Mughals times

The existing Jamrud fort was built by Hari Singh Nalwa in December 1836 who had named it Fatehgarh. English explorer William Moorcraft who visited Jamrud in 1824 before the construction of the Sikh fort, noted ruins of a building there. He writes:   “The plain terminated at the foot of the Khyber range. It appeared to … Read more

Origin of the Tughlaq sultans of India; their connection to present-day Afghanistan

The Tughlaq Sultans who ruled India in 14th century, were from that part of Khurasan which is now western Afghanistan.  They belonged to the Qarauna/Negudari tribe of Mongols, spoke Mongolian, and were related to but distinct from Hazaras. Tughlaq was not the name of their tribe but the name of the founder of the dynasty … Read more

Tomb of Abdul Rashid known as Bajauri Baba in Peshawar

The mausoleum Abdul Rashid Bajauri Baba is located on the Kohat road and Said Hasan Pir road in Peshawar, near Government College of Technology. A certain Akhundzada (who is notorious for making stuff up) is claiming in his article that Abdul Rashid Bajauri was a Tajik. But actually, there is no evidence that he was a … Read more