Ghulam Qadir Rohilla did not force the Mughal princesses to dance for him ; a blunder by Allama Iqbal

There is a poem of Allama Iqbal by name of “Ghulam Qadir Rohilla” in Banga-i-Dara, the English translation of which, done by Iqbalurdu blog, is given below: How cruel, tyrant and vindictive the Ruhilah was He blinded the Mughal Emperor with the point of his dagger The tyrant ordered members of the royal household to … Read more

In 19th century some Tajiks often forayed into Hazarajat, captured Hazaras as slaves and sold them to Uzbeks

In 19th century some Tajiks often forayed into Hazarajat, captured Hazaras as slaves and sold them to Uzbeks.  James Atkinson in 1843 writes : “The term Tajuk is applied to all people of Afghanistan, whose vernacular language is Persian. They reside in villages and are essentially cultivators, never leaving a pastoral life. In general they … Read more

The people of Panjshir and Andarab were tributary to Siah Posh Kafirs in medieval times

In 14th century the people of Panjshir and Andarab were raided and bullied by Siah Posh (black-clad) people of “Kafiristan” (present-day Nuristan). Siah-Posh “Kafirs” exacted annual tribute from the Muslims of these regions. Upon failure to pay the tribute, the Siah Poshan would slay the men, and enslave their women and children. When Amir Timur … Read more

When Ahmad Shah Durrani wiped out a large army of Sikhs in 1762 | “Vadda Ghallughara”

The image of Ahmad Shah Durrani is largely shaped and dominated by 20th century Indian writings. Indian writers portrayed the Sikh misls as dauntless heroes and Ahmad Shah Abdali as a hideous villain. One of the historical events that they have distorted, is a battle referred to as “Vadda Ghallughara” by Sikhs. The Indian editors … Read more

Dr. Sayed Wiqar Ali Shah Kakakhel thinks that there are no Afghans (Pashtuns) settled on the Sulieman mountains range

Dr. Sayed Wiqar Ali Shah Kakakhel of Qaid-i-Azam University who has PhD in history from the University of Oxford, thinks that there are no Afghans (Pashtuns) settled on the Sulieman mountains range !  The snippet is from his article “Origin of the Afghans : Myths and reality”, published in ‘Journal of Asian civilizations’.  The learned … Read more

Afghanistan is not a ‘Graveyard of Empires’

Salman Rashid Lahori is claiming that it was British colonialists who came up with the sobriquet “graveyard of empires” for Afghanistan. Salman Rashid is making stuff up. British have never referred to Afghanistan as a “graveyard of empires” in their records. This sobriquet for Afghanistan appears to be popularized by American media and literature in … Read more

Ahmad Shah Durrani’s embassy to Beijing, China (1762)

In late 1762 Ahmad Shah Durrani sent an embassy to Beijing with a letter addressed to the Chinese Qing emperor Qianlong. The Afghan envoy presented the gifts of four horses to the Chinese emperor which were painted by Giuseppe Castiglione, the official court painter. The text accompanying the paintings describes Afghans and Afghanistan as follow: … Read more

Nadir Shah Afshar could not establish control over the present-day Afghanistan

According to Mirza Ata Muhammad Shikarpuri (an eyewitness to the First Anglo-Afghan war and a follower of Shah Shuja Durrani), Nadir Shah Afshar could not establish effective rule and control over the kingdom of Khurasan i.e. the present-day Afghanistan in 18th century. In the context of the failure of the British to maintain their occupation … Read more