Pashtuns dominated the horse trade between Central Asia and India

During the medieval period, Pashtuns dominated the horse trade with India even through the horses were bred by Turkoman and Uzbek nomads in Turkestan. After the Pashtun dealers had bought the horses at low prices from the nomadic tribes of Turkestan, they were fattened for one or two months in the various meadows around Kabul. … Read more

Correcting Bharadwaj (aka True Indology) on the “temple gate” of Kandahar city

The famous Indian tweep Bharadwaj (aka True Indology) has shared a British map of Kandahar city dated to 1880, in which one of the four gates of the city is named “temple gate”. He assumes that it is temple of Shiva and states that it is “a testament to the durability and continuity of Hindu … Read more

The 19th century rulers of Chitral were selling their own Chitrali subjects as slaves

Raja Khan Kabuli in 1840 writes that rulers of Kashkar (Chitral) have “their subjects under such subjection as to sell them like animals”. He further writes: “Slaves are cheaper at Kashkar than anywhere else, viz. 100 rupees each (a girl or a boy). 200 or 300 are yearly exported via Dardu and Badakhshan to Turkistan.” … Read more

The role of Hazaras during the First Anglo-Afghan War (1839-42)

In 1842 Hazaras in the vicinity of Ghazni approached British and expressed their wish and desire that British invaders should exterminate the Pashtun race and repopulate the country (eastern Afghanistan) with Indians and Hazaras. Henry Rawlinson in his diary (unpublished) writes:   “The Huzareh all visited us and did their best to supply us. They have … Read more

Paolo Avitabile – The face of the brutal Sikh occupation of Peshawar

      By Nafees Ur Rehman His gruesome punishments and ruthless ‘justice’ drove half of the population of Peshawar away from the city. Here we look at his career as a Governor of Peshawar. The end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 left many war veterans without job assignments, and some of those veterans, … Read more

Sayyids of Kunar

Sayyids of Kunar: For centuries the long and narrow valley of Kunar with Pashat as its main town had been ruled by a Pashtunized Sayyid family of Arab descent. They were descendants of Sayyid Ali Tirmizi, popularly referred to as Pir Baba by Pashtuns. The latter had accompanied Zahir al-Din Babur from Tirmiz. His shrine … Read more

History of the Orakzai tribe

Origin legend According to the legends prevalent amongst the Orakzai elders, Tirah was formerly occupied by the Hindu non-Pashtun race, called the Tirahis whose descendants are, to this day, found in some villages as ‘Hamsaya‘ (dependents) of the Orakzai. Tirahis were ruled by different rajas whose names can still be traced in several places in … Read more

History of the Jadoon or Gadoon tribe

Jadoon or Gadoon tribe is said to be descended from Zhadun, son of parnaey, and brother of Kakar, the two latter being sons of Danaey, son of Ghurghast, son of Qais Abdul Rashid. Jadoon was one of the 18 sons of Parnaey. According to Khulasat al-Ansab of Hafiz Rahmat Khan (written in 1770 AD): “Panni … Read more