The humiliating defeat of Hari Singh Nalwa at the hands of Mashwanis and Saidkhanis

The following account of the humiliating defeat of Hari Singh Nalwa at the hands of Mashwanis and Said Khanis is drawn from (1) an eyewitness account “Tawarikh-i-Hazara” by Lala Mehtab Singh (written in 1846); the extracts from which are translated into Urdu by Sher Bahadur Khan Panni in his book “Tarikh-i-Hazara” (pp.56-59). Mehtab Singh was … Read more

Ghazi Dilasa Khan of Bannu

Bannuchis resisted stoutly any intruders, Mughals, Durranis or the Wazirs. Ghulam Muhammad who visited Bannu in 1782, wrote of them:- “The horses and swords of Bannu are remarkably good; and the people are exceedingly brave and bold. They are Shitaks, the descendants of Sharaf-ud-Din, alias Shitak, son of Karlarnaey”. In 1822 Ranjit Singh began his … Read more

Afghan–Sikh Wars (1813-1837)

At the commencement of 19th century, the tremendous downfall of the Durrani empire was already going on and it had fallen into never ending series of civil wars. The wily Ranjeet Singh, who owed his rise to Zaman Shah Durrani, fully took advantage of the Durrani civil wars and he slowly and gradually encroached upon … Read more

Historical reliability and authenticity of the details concerning the Battle of Saragarhi (1897)

In 1897 there was a great uprising of Pashtuns against the British occupiers in which an outpost called Saragarhi (in Orakzai district), manned by 21 Sikh soldiers of the British-Indian army, was attacked by a lashkar of local Pashtun freedom fighters. The latter bravely climbed the ascent despite of being fired upon from the top … Read more