Historical reliability and authenticity of the details concerning the Battle of Saragarhi (1897)

In 1897 there was a great uprising of Pashtuns against the British occupiers in which an outpost called Saragarhi (in Orakzai district), manned by 21 Sikh soldiers of the British-Indian army, was attacked by a lashkar of local Pashtun freedom fighters. The latter bravely climbed the ascent despite of being fired upon from the top … Read more

Pir Sabir Shah (the spiritual pir of Ahmad Shah Durrani)

Pir Sabir Shah placing a cluster of wheat on Ahmad Shah Abdali’s turban, proclaiming him as a king. Painting by Ustad Abdul Ghafur Breshna (1907-1974).   Pir Sabir Shah was a dervish and Ahmad Shah Abdali’s spiritual pir. Bayan-i-Waqai mentions Pir Sabir Shah as a son of a farrier of Lahore and mentions Lahore as … Read more

Pashtun–Mughal War (1672–1677)

In 1672 some soldiers of Hussain Beg Khan, the Mughal faujdar of Kunar, insulted a Parachi women affiliated to Safi tribe, which infuriated the Safi tribe who killed the culprit Mughal soldiers. Hussain Beg Khan retaliated by attacking and plundering the Safi territory. This incident led to a great Pashtun revolt against Mughals. Mughal force … Read more

Lawrence of Arabia in Waziristan

Thomas Edward Lawrence, byname Lawrence of Arabia was a British archaeological scholar, military strategist, and author best known for his legendary war activities in the Middle East during World War I and for his account of those activities in ‘The Seven Pillars of Wisdom’ (1926). Lawrence arrived at Miranshah, an outpost in Waziristan near the … Read more

Mir Mast Khan Afridi, a forgotten hero

A forgotten Pashtun hero is Jemadar Mir Mast Khan Afridi who defected the British-Indian army and joined the cause of Ottoman Caliphate in First World War. He was a Qambar-Khel Afridi from Tirah. In 1914 his unit 58th Frontier Force (Vaughan’s Rifles) was shipped to France as part of the Indian Infantry Corps, which played … Read more